Richard Huelsenbeck

Richard Huelsenbeck was born on 23 April 1892 in Frankenau, Hessen, Germany, and died on 20 April 1974. Late in his life he lived in New York under the name of Charles R. Hulbeck and practised Jungian psycho-analysis.

Huelsenbeck played a prominent part in the foundation of the Zürich and Berlin Dada movements. He had been an expressionist poet and writer, and came to Zürich in February 1916 as a war resistor. He immediately came into contact with the Cabaret Voltaire. He returned to Berlin in January, 1917, and helped to found the Dada group there.

In Hugo Ball‘s journal (translated in English as Flight Out Of Time) he writes on 11 February 1916: “Huelsenbeck has arrived. He pleads for an intensification of rhythm (Negro rhythm). He would best love to drum literature and to perdition.”

Huelsenbeck edited the Dada Almanach in Berlin in 1920 and wrote En Avant Dada, a history of Dadaism, in the same year, and was the author of numerous other Dada publications. He claimed throughout his life that Dada still exists, placing himself in direct opposition to the other founders of Dadaism.

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