Hans Richter was an artist, filmmaker and writer. He was born on April 6, 1888 in Berlin and died on February 1, 1976 in Minusio, near Locarno, Switzerland.
One of the founders of the Dada movement, he was active in Zürich, Switzerland from 1916 to 1920. Richter believed that the artist’s duty was to be actively political, opposing war and supporting the revolution. His first abstract works were in 1917, and with Viking Eggeling he began experimented with film in 1918, creating his first abstract film Rhythmus 21 in 1921, and in 1923 Rhythmus 23, both considered classic avant-garde films.
In 1940 he moved to the United States and became an American citizen. In 1957, Hans Richter finished a film named “Dadascope” with original poems and prosa spoken by their creators: Hans Arp, Marcel Duchamp, Raoul Hausmann, Richard Huelsenbeck, and Kurt Schwitters. He was also the author of an excellent first-hand account of the Dada movement, Dada: Art and Anti-Art.