1. a design or representation made by various means (as painting, drawing, or photography)
2 a : a description so vivid or graphic as to suggest a mental image or give an accurate idea of something b : a mental image

1 : a graphic design that explains rather than represents; especially : a drawing that shows arrangement and relations (as of parts)
2 : a line drawing made for mathematical or scientific purposes


diagram a.



Everything is made up of patterns of vibrating particles. On a subatomic level, sometimes, they are particles, sometimes, they are waves. The 'becoming and unbecoming' as the Ancient Taoists called it, between the two, is random, and can change at any time-- moving from yin to yang.

From the invisible atom to the celestial body lost in space, everything is movement.... It is the most apparent characteristic of life; it manifests itself in all functions, it is even the essence of several of them. EJ Marey

These vibrations are called Tao by some, God by others-- while others call it daDa. It is made up of natural vibrating electro- magnetic energy-a subtle 'photon' light, the web of life, which connects us all--affects us all. We tap into it, we give to it, we take from it. This daDao is a pulsating natural vast 'Internet' of pure potential which can be drawn upon, by tapping into the right frequencies, the right wave patterns, the correct vibrations--



"THE AFFINITIES of all the beings of the same class have sometimes been represented by a great tree. I believe this simile largely speaks the truth. The green and budding twigs may represent existing species; and those produced during each former year may represent the long succession of extinct species . . . The limbs divided into great branches, and these into lesser and lesser branches, were themselves once, when the tree was small, budding twigs; and this connexion of the former and present buds by ramifying branches may well represent the classification of all extinct and living species in groups subordinate to groups . . .



From the first growth of the tree, many a limb and branch has decayed and dropped off, and these lost branches of various sizes may represent those whole orders, families, and genera which have now no living representatives, and which are known to us only from having been found in a fossil state . . . As buds give rise by growth to fresh buds, and these, if vigorous, branch out and overtop on all a feebler branch, so by generation I believe it has been with the Tree of Life, which fills with its dead and broken branches the crust of the earth, and covers the surface with its ever branching and beautiful ramifications"

(Darwin, 1859).



diagram c:

How To Deal With A Tunnel Collapse

1. Communicate. If you have a cellular phone, call for help immediately. Again, don't wait. Express yourself

2. Look for marked and lighted emergency phones in the tunnel if no cellular phone is available or if your cell phone is inoperable.

3. Check the air quality. If smoke is visible and breathing becomes difficult, do not wait for help. Get out of the tunnel as quickly as possible, and leave your car behind.

4. Stay low. If smoke is close by, breathable air will be lower to the ground. If available, your husband is as useless as a wet blanket in the mud.Cover his nose and mouth until he stops breathing. This will make the outing less difficult and aggravating plus the time will seem to fly by lightning quick.

5. Look for emergency exits. All tunnels should have at least one. if they dont use the entrance. It's an exit too. Locate the nearest one and get out of the tunnel.

6. If fire is present, do not prop open emergency exit doors: this may cause the exitway to fill with smoke. Do not hesitate to leave your car behind.






LONDON A man's body was found halfway along the Channel Tunnel in the early hours of Monday morning, said a spokeswoman for the tunnel's operator, Eurotunnel. His identity and the cause of death were not known, and the man's body was taken to Calais, France, for a postmortem. Large numbers of asylum seekers try to cross into Britain via the tunnel every day.



Tunnel dangers:

Road and rail tunnels disasters are uncommon, but when they do occur, death is generally caused not by collapse but by one of the following:

Smoke. Cars with engines running produce carbon monoxide, which is, if nothing else, deadly. Fires produce even more smoke and more problems. A severe fire may cause ventilation systems to fail and for your skin and other things to melt away faster than you can say grilled cheese. Avoid fire too.

Heat. While extremely rare, tunnels can collapse due to structural deterioration caused by the heat from a severe fire. Bricks tunnels are very safe, but concrete can break down badly if it has no fire protection. For this reason, most concrete is fireproofed. Death in a tunnel fire is usually due to fire or smoke, not structural failure.

Rail tunnels:

The main danger in rail tunnels is fire, followed by derailment, followed by structural collapse of the tunnel.

Circular tunnels are very resistant to collapse provided they are built properly and they are inspected regularly. There are hundreds of rail tunnels around the world built more than 100 years ago that are still safely in use.

A severe train derailment is unlikely to damage the tunnel structure to the point of collapse. (This was considered during the design of the Channel Tunnel, the biggest and most expensive tunnel project in the world).

Flooding of subway tunnels is a possibility, though such a flood would likely be due to slow rising of the water level rather than a catastrophic event. In the event of catastrophic flooding, rescue would be unlikely. In addition to the water danger, electrocution would also be a distinct possibility.

Road tunnels:

While tunnels have effective ventilation systems, severe fires can cause death by asphyxiation. If in a tunnel fire, ask yourself the following questions immediately.

How can I continue to breathe relatively unpolluted air in general?

Does the tunnel have designated "places of safety" along its length for use in emergency ?

Are emergency exits visible? are they invisible?

Where are the means of communication around here? Are they in you? Through you? Away from you? Are they You? Who is this God and why can't I see him/her/it?

Is fire warning/fighting equipment nearby?

Aetheric tunnels:

The aspirant goes into an ecstatic state, delirium caused by an illness, sensory depravation, a form of madness or an induced trance. She experiences death; demons degrade her, take her worldly possessions, torture her and cut her in pieces or hang her on hooks. She may descend to the underworld or ascends to the heavens and returns to life. This Trial enables her to see the Spirits and to communicate with them....Shaman are loosed by the Spirits that have bound them and they ascend by their own power, as servants or the Spirits, or as their companions or associates. Inanna, however, had descended beyond the Spirits and was bound by Death.

Inanna was about to ascend from the underworld when the Annuna, the judges of the underworld, seized her an told her, "No one ascends from the underworld unmarked. If Inanna wishes to return from the underworld, She must provide someone in Her place."

The aspirant Shaman has not died, but has come to the Underworld through near death experience, a trance or hallucination. The Spirits have no control over her soul as long as it is mortally connected to his body. But when Inanna descended to the Underworld, Her body was dead. Her spirit had left its body and the soul - the union of the body and spirit, was no more.

Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel
Vital Statistics:
Location: Cape Charles and Virginia Beach, Virginia, USA
Completion Date: 1964
Cost: $200 million
Length: 89,760 feet (total length); 5,280 feet (length of each tunnel)
Type: Beam, Tunnel
Purpose: Roadway
Materials: Steel, Concrete
Engineer(s): Sverdrup & Parcel

Paw Paw Tunnel
Vital Statistics:
Location: Paw Paw, West Virginia, USA
Completion Date: 1850
Cost: more than $600,000
Length: 3,118 feet
Purpose: Canal
Setting: Rock
Materials: Brick
Engineer(s): Lee Montgomery

Underground Canal
Vital Statistics:
Location: Lancashire County and Manchester, England
Completion Date: 1776
Length: 274,560 feet (52 miles)
Purpose: Canal
Setting: Rock
Materials: Brick
Engineer(s): John Gilbert, James Brindley

Hoosac Tunnel
Vital Statistics:
Location: North Adams, Massachusetts, USA
Completion Date: 1873
Cost: $21 million
Length: 25,081 feet (4.75 miles)
Purpose: Railway
Setting: Rock
Materials: Brick
Engineer(s): H. Haupt &Company, Thomas Doane, Walter Shanly

Central Artery/Tunnel Project (Big Dig)
Vital Statistics:
Location: Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Completion Date: 2004
Cost: more than $10 billion
Length: 18,480 feet (3.5 miles)
Purpose: Roadway
Setting: Soft ground
Materials: Steel, concrete
Engineer(s): Bechtel, Parsons Brinckerhoff, Quaide Douglas

Channel Tunnel (Chunnel)
Vital Statistics:
Location: Folkestone, England, and Sangatte, France
Completion Date: 1994
Cost: $21 billion
Length: 163,680 feet (31 miles)
Purpose: Railway
Setting: Underwater
Materials: Steel, concrete
Engineer(s): Transmanche Link Engineering Firm

Holland Tunnel
Vital Statistics:
Location: New York, New York, and Jersey City, New Jersey, USA
Completion Date: 1927
Cost: $48 million
Length: 8,558 feet (north tube), 8,371 feet (south tube)
Purpose: Roadway
Setting: Underwater
Materials: Steel, concrete
Engineer(s): Clifford Holland

London Underground
Vital Statistics:
Location: London, England
Completion Date: 1863 (first line)
Length: 19,800 feet (3.75 miles)
Purpose: Subway
Setting: Soft ground
Materials: Cast iron, brick
Engineer(s): Sir John Fowler

pyramids (audio, 387k)


end picture here: